Together with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the ICESCR forms what is called the International Bill of Human Rights.

The texts of the ICCPR and ICESCR were were developed from 1949 until 1966 by the UN. (source)

Treaty text.

How the treaty relates to Internet governance

  • The right of peoples to self-determination (article 1).
  • Right to work (article 6).
  • Policies and techniques to achieve steady economic, social and cultural development (mentioned in article 6).
  • Right to education (article 13).
  • Right to take part in cultural life (article 15(1a)).
  • Right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications (article 15(1b)).
  • Right of authors to benefit from the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from their scientific, literary or artistic productions (article 15(1c)).
  • States shall take the necessary steps for the conservation, the development and the diffusion of science and culture (article 15(2)).
  • States shall respect the freedom indispensable for scientific research and creative activity (article 15(3)).
  • States recognize the benefits to be derived from the encouragement and development of international contacts and co-operation in the scientific and cultural fields (article 15(4)).



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